About Hemp Fiber
Hemp fabric is made from the stems of the plant. The stems are processed to dissolve the gum or pectin and separate the fibers, which are then cleaned, combed and spun into yarns for knitting or weaving into fabric.
Hemp fabric is highly valued because of it's strength and durability, and the environmentally sustainable aspects of it's cultivation.
Hemp fabric has other qualities such as insulation as the fiber is hollow core similar to wool fiber. Besides being a natural insulator Hemp fabric offers high U.V. protection and is naturally anti-bacterial.
Hemp fabric is also very absorbent and takes up dyes and printing inks extremely well so provides an ideal canvas for creative design. Hemp is the cotton for the 21st century.
The hemp fabrics that Zeega uses include 100% hemp and hemp blended with certified organic cotton (GOTs & OCS), silk and yak hair. The organic cotton is from Turkey and is non-GMO Certified by SKAL.
Zeega’s fabric supplier has personally visited the suppliers' head office and factory in China and seen, first hand, the operating and working conditions of their employees.
A small town has grown around the factory to supply its 3,000 staff and the 5,000 people living on the premises. Some employees live there full time with their extended families, while those who live further away are given accommodation during the week, and travel home to see their families on weekends and holidays. The grandparents who have retired help look after their grandchildren while the parents go to work. Three is a modern kindergarten and primary school located in the factory grounds. The working conditions at the factory are good with employees working an 8 hour day. They are entitled to regular holidays and maternity leave. Management are university qualified and a job at the factory is highly sought after in the area. The Company President is extremely proud that they run a chemical free plant.
Hemp is:The Hemp plant, Cannabis Sativa L. is one of the oldest utilized plants pre-history. Its early uses were building materials, paper, textile, fuel, food and medicine. Modern technology has allowed us to improve the quality of these early uses of Hemp into such manner of things as cosmetics, comfortable and durable clothing, 21st century paper, biodegradable plastics, fuels and paints, just to name a few. In fact, anything that is made from hydrocarbons (i.e. mineral oil-based) can be made from carbohydrates (i.e. plant-derived raw materials).
The advantage carbohydrates have over hydrocarbons is that firstly, they are generally non-toxic, biodegradable substances, whereas hydrocarbons do not easily break down and have toxic effects such as soil damage and global warming. Secondly, carbohydrate is a renewable resource, whereas hydrocarbon is not.
Modern technology can make hemp the most practical environmentally sensible textile on the planet. It is natural, rapidly renewable crop, needs little if any pesticides, herbicides or fungicides and modest quantities of water. Hemp fabric is warm in winter, cool and breathable in summer, organic and can be blended easily with other textiles.
Hemp crops help to rejuvenate soils that have over farmed, especially when nutrients have been depleted by cotton and wheat farming.
With the correct technology in place, it can serve a wide range of cloth textures from strong and durable to soft and comfortable. Hemp's natural creamy colour eliminates the need for chlorine bleach, which prevents the dumping of the toxin, dioxin into our streams and oceans. It is clean, both for the environment and the user.
Strength and durability
The quality of the fibre obtained from the hemp plant is what makes it outstanding against other natural fibres. Due to its length, (each fibre is as long as the plant itself, up to five meters), it can be spun into very durable material.
Hemp is up to 8 times the tensile strength and 4 times as durable as cotton.
Hemp can be extruded to make a soft silk-like fiber or used to make the strongest ropes. It blends easily with other textiles to create both a very soft & durable fabric that feels good when worn.
Naturally anti-bacterial hemp resists Mildew, sun damage and insects.
Hemp fabric breathes wonderfully against the skin. Sleeping in hemp is as comfortable as the finest of linens. Hemp was the major source of early American linen. It has greater heat conductivity than other vegetable fibers which means it feels cool in the summer and keeps the wearer warm in the winter. When you lay your hand on good linen, it feels cool to touch. That’s heat conductivity at work. Hemp is more efficient than linen.
Hemp, due to its natural fibre properties and superior absorbency, dyes extremely well and is perfect for use as a screen printing fabric. This absorbent facet, along with its natural antiseptic character, makes it an ideal material for towels, nappies, hospital linen and children's clothing.